In the height of the cotton era, Talmo was recognized for its short staple cotton (curly fiber), said to be the finest in the world and known in the cotton industry as “Talmo Cotton” or “Gold Cotton”. Talmo cotton brought great prices on the cotton market until the region was hit in 1919 by the boll weevil which wreaked havoc all across the South and threw it into an economic crisis marked by unemployment and bankruptcies. While cotton tried to make a comeback in the mid-1920s, the Great Depression kept the profits low and poultry, cattle and other crops began gaining importance.
Talmo was incorporated on August 9, 1920. The origin of Talmo’s name is derived from the Creek Indian word Talomeco, which means “Home of the Chief Tallassee.”